Bare git server
How to setup a git server, structured like GitHub. No web interface.
I really like GitHub structure! It is a three level hierarchy:
- A server, ehm github.com.
- Server’s users, for example fibo.
- User’s git repos, like this.
It keeps everything clean specially when collaborative coding lead to fork repos: basically, it let coexist cnorris/repofoo fork of jsmith/repofoo.
In your Unix server gitbox.example.org, create user jsmith. Keep in mind that a user is just the second level of the tree. It can be a real person, an organization, or whatever groups a set of repos. For example I use to create a user for everyone of my customers, but, it could make sense also to create a user for every project.
In Unix context, a user will own a home folder: usually
/home/jsmith. This folder will contain user’s git repos.
Create master git repo
On gitbox.example.org, as jsmith user, create a repofoo git repo.
Create repo folder under the home and cd into it.
mkdir ~/repofoo.git && cd $_
The trick is to create a bare git repo, in order to be able to push to it.
$ git init --bare Initialized empty Git repository in /home/jsmith/repofoo.git/
Clone repo locally
Now on your laptop, or any other host you will use for development, you can clone repo via ssh. I like to reflect the same tree structure also on folders, so in my laptop I do
mkdir -p ~/gitbox.example.org/jsmith && cd $_
then I clone repofoo with
git clone email@example.com:~/repofoo.git
Port local repo on server
A common scenario is init a repo locally, and then put it on git server lately.
First create master git repo, repobar for instance.
I assume you already created repobar locally with
Then go into your local repobar folder and add the remote origin and set upstream master.
cd ~/gitbox.example.org/jsmith/repobar git remote add origin firstname.lastname@example.org:~/repofoo.git git push --set-upstream origin master
Now you can push repobar commits from your laptop to gitbox.example.org
Git on the Server